|Contributions||United States. Court of Appeals (9th Circuit). Gender Bias Task Force.|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination|| p. :|
|Number of Pages||43|
Recommendations of the Eighth Circuit Gender Fairness Task Force, 31 CREIGHTON L. REV. 9 () [hereinafter Eighth Circuit Report]; The Effects of Gender in the Federal Courts: The Final Report of the Ninth Circuit Gender Bias Task Force: The Quality of Justice, 67 S. CAL. L. REV. () [hereinafter Ninth Circuit Report]. by: 5. Book Description: Until President Jimmy Carter launched an effort to diversify the lower federal courts, the U.S. courts of appeals had been composed almost entirely of white males. But by , over a quarter of sitting judges were women and 15 percent were African American or Hispanic. Gender. Until , when Genevieve Cline joined the U.S. Customs Court, all Article III judges were male. Florence Allen became the first female federal appellate judge when she was appointed to the Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit in racial and gender diversity is an important quality for our nation’s courts. Whether judicial diversity is valued because it increases public confidence in the courts, provides decision-making power to formerly disenfranchised populations, or is essential to ensuring equal File Size: KB.
A Reappraisal of Diversification in the Federal Courts: Gender Effects in the Courts of Appeals, 56 J. POL. , , () (examining cases, including sex discrimination cases, decided between and and concluding that the. Donald R. Songer, Sue Davis, and Susan Haire, "A Reappraisal of Diversification in the Federal Courts: Gender Effects in the Courts of Appeals," The Journal of Polit no. 2 (May, ): Cited by: B. The Reluctant Federal Courts From until , these task forces on gender bias in the courts were exclusively the domain of state courts The federal courts (either acting circuit by circuit or as a whole by action of the Judicial Confer-ence of the United . “The book is a focused, well-written, and adequately resourced introductory text on the court system.” —Anita Kalunta-Crumpton, Texas Southern University Courts: A Text/Reader, Third Edition, helps students understand the U.S. court system in context, with each brief authored section of the text enhanced by edited research articles that illustrate the questions and controversies in the.
The Effects of Gender, Race, and Age on Judicial Sentencing Decisions by April Michelle Miller Previous research has found significant effects of gender, race, and age on sentencing decisions made by state and local court judges (e.g. Johnson, ; Mustard, ; Steffensmeier, Ulmer, & Kramer, ). The judicial system in a liberal democracy is deemed to be an independent branch of government with judges free from political agendas or societal pressures. In reality, judges are often influenced by their economic and social backgrounds, gender, race, religion, and sexuality. This volume explores. A Gendered Voice: Effects of Gender on Supreme Court Decisions Maya Rich Effects of Gender on Supreme Court Decisions Abstract After years, the first woman was named to the US Supreme Court. Today, three women sit on the high difference in their book Diversity Matters: Judicial Policy Making in the U.S. Court of Appeals. They write. Articles Framing Gender: Federal Appellate Judges' Choices About Gender-Neutral Language By JUDITH D. FISCHER* Introduction LANGUAGE IS CRITICALLY IMPORTANT in the two fields at the center of this Article. Language is the tool of the legal profession,1 and feminists recognize that language has been an instrument of bothCited by: 1.